What to remember while taking Anafranil

There are many, many thousands of publications in ichthology, and it would be impractical to include them all, but this list should provide you with comprehensive and informative literature on current topics relating to freshwater fishes. Click on the links below to take you to the relevant section:

P1100130Value of freshwater fishes
Understanding fish diversity
Understanding the aquatic environment
Threat assessment
Threat categorization
   Overfishing
   Introduced species
   Genetic modification
   Habitat depletion or loss
   Dam obstruction and similar habitat modification
   Water pollution
   Global climate change
Practical implementation
   Policy and strategy
   Ethics, statutory protection and law enforcement
   Ex situ livestock management, breeding and genome resource banking
   In situ conservation management, threat mitigation, reintroductions and habitat restoration
   Communication, education training and capacity building

More than 80,000 references can also be found using the FishBase search references (scroll down to ‘References’) and Catalog of Fishes.

 

Value of freshwater fishes

Spinibarbus © Bosco Chan

Orangefin giant barb, Spinibarbus caldwelli. Photo: Bosco Chan@KFBG

Brewer, D.J. and Friedman, R. F. 1989. Fish and fishing in ancient Egypt. The natural history of Egypt. Warminster, UK: Aris & Phillips.

Cooke, S.J. and Cowx, I.G. 2004. The role of recreational fishing in global fish crises. BioScience 54(9): 857–859. Available here

Costanza, R., D"Arge, R., De Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Limburg, K., Naeem, S., O"Neill, R.V., Paruelo, J., Raskin, G.R., Sutton, P. and Van Der Belt, M. 1997. The value of the world"s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387: 253–260. Available here

FAO 2012. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2012. Rome: UN Food and Agriculture Organisation. Available here

Hart, P.B., Reynolds, J.D. and Cowx, I.G. 2008. Recreational fishing. In Handbook of fish biology and fisheries. 2. Fisheries: 367–385. Hart, P. B. and Reynolds, J. D. (Eds). London: Wiley-Blackwell. Available here

Holmlund, C.M. and Hammer, M. 1999. Ecosystem services generated by fish populations. Ecological Economics 29(2): 253–268. Available here

Kennelly, S. and Turnell, P. 2011. Recreational fishing, management and research in New SouthWales, Australia. In 6th world recreational fishing conference: toward resilient recreational fisheries: book of abstracts: 129. Berlin: Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries for the World Recreational Fishing Conference. Available here

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and human well-being: biodiversity synthesis. Wetlands and water. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Available here

Nash, C. 2011. The history of aquaculture. Oxford: Wiley–Blackwell.

Penning, M., Reid, G. McG., Koldewey, H., Dick, G., Andrews, B., Arai, K., Garrat, P., Gendron, S., Lange, J., Tanner, K., Tonge, S., Van Den Sande, P., Warmolts, D. and Gibson, C. (eds) 2009. Turning the tide: a global aquarium strategy for conservation and sustainability. Bern, Switzerland: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Available here

Pikitch, E., Boersma, P.D., Boyd, I.L., Conover, D.O., Cury, P., Essington, T., Heppell, S.S., Houde, E.D.,Mangel, M., Pauly, D., Plagányi, É., Sainsbury, K. and Steneck, R.S. 2012. Little fish, big impact: managing a crucial link in ocean food webs. Washington, DC: Lenfest Ocean Program. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Stojanowski, C.M. and Knudson, K.J. 2011. Biogeochemical inferences of mobility of Early Holocene fisher–foragers from the southern Sahara Desert. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 146(1): 49–61. Available here

Tlusty, M.F., Rhyne, A.L., Kaufman, L., Hutchins, M., Reid, G.McG., Andrews, C., Boyle, P., Hemdal, J., McGilvray, F. and Dowd, S. 2013. Opportunities for Public Aquariums to Increase the Sustainability of the Aquatic Animal Trade. Zoo Biology 32(1): 1-12. Available here

Wabnitz, C., Taylor, M., Green, E. and Razak, T. 2003. From Ocean to Aquarium. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. Available here

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Understanding fish diversity

Barbus capensis Barbus calidus Barbus phlegethon rondegat © Dean Impson

Clanwilliam yellowfish, Labeobarbus capensis (rear) and Clanwillian redfin, Barbus calidus (front). Photo: Dean Impson

 Abell, R., Thieme, M., Ricketts, T.H., Olwero, N., Ng, R., Petry, P., Dinerstein, E., Revenga, C. and Hoekstra, J. 2011. Concordance of freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity. Conservation Letters 4(2): 127‚Äì136. Available here

Abell, R., Thieme, M L., Revenga, C., Bryer, M., Kottelat, M., Bogutskaya, N., Coad, B., Mandrak, N., Contrera Balderas, S., Bussing, W., Stiassny, M.L.J., Skelton, P., Allen, G.R., Unmack, P., Naseka, A., Ng, R., Sindorf, N., Robertson, J., Armijo, E., Higgins, J.V., Heibel, T.J., Wikramanayake, E., Olson, D., López, H.L., Reis, R.E., Lundberg, J.G., Sabaj Pérez, M.H. and Petry, P. 2008. Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation. BioScience 58(5): 403-414. Available here

Albert, J., Carvalho, T., Chuctaya, J., Petry, P., Reis, R., Rengifo, B. and Ortega, H. 2012. Fishes of the Fitzcarrald, Peruvian Amazon. Raleigh, NC: Lulu Press Inc.

Anganthoibi, N. and Vishwanath, W. 2013. Glyptothorax pantherinus, a new species of catfish (Teleostei: Sisoridae) from the Noa Dehing River, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Ichthyological Research 60(2): 172-177. Available here

Baillie, J.E.M., Griffiths, J., Turvey, S.T., Loh, J. and Collen, B. 2010. Evolution Lost: Status and Trends of the World"s Vertebrates. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. Available here

Barton, M. 2007. Bond’s biology of fishes. Third edition, Thomson Brooks/Cole.

Bone, Q. and Moore, R.H. 2008. Biology of fishes. Third edition. Taylor and Francis.

Britz, R., Ali, A. and Raghavan, R. 2013. Pseudolaguvia lapillicola, a new species of catfish from Peninsular India (Teleostei: Sisoridae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 23(4): 289–295. Available here

Calegari, B.B., Lehmann, P. and Reis, R.E. 2013. Two new species of cascudinhos of the genus Otothyropsis (Siluriformes: Hypoptopomatinae) from the rio Paraná basin, Brazil. Zootaxa 3619(2): 130–144. Available here

Cavin, L. and Kemp, A. 2011. The impact of fossils on the evolutionary distinctiveness and conservation status of the Australian lungfish. Biological Conservation 144(12): 3140–3142. Available here

Contreras-Balderas, S., Ruiz-Campos, G., Schmitter-Soto, J.J., Díaz-Pardo, E., Contreras-McBeath, T., Medina-Soto, M., Zambrano-González, L., Varela-Romero, A., Mendoza-Alfaro, R., Ramírez-Martínez, C., Leija-Tristàn, M.A., Almada-Villela, P., Hendrickson, D.A. and Lyons, J. 2008. Freshwater fishes and water status in Mexico: A country-wide appraisal. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 11(3): 246–256. Available here

da Graça, W.J., Pavanelli, C.S. and Buckup, P.A. 2008. Two New Species of Characidium (Characiformes: Crenuchidae) from Paraguay and Xingu River Basins, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Copeia 2008(2): 326–332. Available here

Darwall, W., Smith, K., Allen, D., Holland, R., Harrison, I. and Brooks, E. (Eds) 2011. The diversity of life in African freshwaters: underwater, under threat. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Available here

Emmanuel, J., Krishnakumar, K., Pereira, B., Kanagavel, A., Ali, A. and Raghavan, R. 2013. New records of the Endangered balitorid loach, Travancoria elongata Pethiyagoda & Kottelat 1994, from the Kerala part of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(10): 4504–4509. Available here

Helfman, G. 2007. Fish conservation. A guide to understanding and restoring global fish biodiversity and fishery resources. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Helfman, G., Collette, B.B., Facey, D.E. and Bowen, B.W. 2009. The diversity of fishes: biology, evolution, and ecology (2nd edn). London and New York, NY: Wiley–Blackwell

Jenkins, A.P., Allen, G.R. and Boseto, D. 2008. Lentipes solomonensis, a new species of freshwater goby (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Sicydiinae) from the Solomon Islands. Aqua International Journal of Ichthyology 14 (4): 165-174. Available here

Kang, B., Deng, J., Wu, Y., Chen, L., Zhang, J., Qiu, H., Lu, Y. and H, D. 2013. Mapping China"s freshwater fishes: diversity and biogeography. Fish and Fisheries. Available here

Kottelat, M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. Available here.

Maldonado-Ocampo, J.A., Vari, R.P., Saulo Usma, J. 2008. Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9(2): 143-237. Available here

Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the world (4th edn). Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.

Ng, H.H., Sparks, J.S. and Loiselle, P.V. 2008. A New Species of Catfish of the Genus Gogo from Northeastern Madagascar (Siluriformes: Anchariidae). Copeia 2008(2): 395–400. Available here

Parenti, L.R. and Ebach, M.C. 2009. Comparative biogeography: discovering and classifying biogeographical patterns of a dynamic earth. Berkeley & Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.

Proudlove, G.S. 2006. Subterranean fishes of the world. An account of the subterranean (hypogean) fished described up to 2003 with a bibliography 1541-2004. International Society for Subterranean Biology.

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Reis, R.E. 2013. Conserving the freshwater fishes of South America. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 65-70. Available here

Shibukawa, K., Dinh, D.T. and Loi, X.T. 2012. Phallostethus cuulong, a new species of priapiumfish (Actinopterygii: Atheriniformes: Phallostethidae) from the Vietnamese Mekong. Zootaxa 3363: 45–51. Available here

Wright, J.J. and Page, L.M. 2008. A New Species of Synodontis (Siluriformes: Mochokidae) from Tributaries of the Kasai River in Northern Angola. Copeia 2008(2): 294-300. Available here

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Understanding the aquatic environment

Stream in the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, home to two endemic species, Mesonoemacheilus pambarensis, and Tor remadevii © Rajeev Raghavan

Stream in the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, home to two endemic species, Mesonoemacheilus pambarensis, and Tor remadevii. Photo: Rajeev Raghavan

Coad, B.W., Mehrani, R. and Najapour, N. 2009. Threatened fishes of the world: Paracobitis smithi (Greenwood, 1976) (Balitoridae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 84(3): 362. Available here

Courtland, R. 2008. Enough water to go round? Nature. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 1990. Threatened fishes of Barombi Mbo: a crater lake in Cameroon. Journal of Fish Biology 37: 209–211. Available here

Reid, G. McG. and Gibson, C. 2011. Cauldron"s for fish biodiversity: western Africa"s crater lakes. In The diversity of life in African freshwaters: underwater, under threat:  87‚Äì91. Darwall, W., Smith, K., Allen, D., Holland, R., Harrison, I. & Brooks, E. (Eds). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Thomas, P.J., Hicks, R.D., Chyba, C.F. and McKay, C.P. (Eds) 2006. Comets and the origin and evolution of life (2nd edn). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

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Threat assessment

DSCF3035

IUCN Red List anguillid assessment workshop held at Zoological Society of London, UK, in 2013. Photo: Suzanne Turnock

Abell, R., Thieme, M., Ricketts, T.H., Olwero, N., Ng, R., Petry, P., Dinerstein, E., Revenga, C. and Hoekstra, J. 2011. Concordance of freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity. Conservation Letters 4: 127–136. Available here

Baig√∫n, C.R.M., Colautti, D., Lopez, H.L., Van Damme, P.A. and Reis, R.E. 2012. Application of extinction risk and conservation criteria for assessing fish species in the lower La Plata River basin, South America. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 22(2): 181-197. Available here

Baillie, J.E.M., Griffiths, J., Turvey, S.T., Loh, J. and Collen, B. 2010. Evolution Lost: Status and Trends of the World"s Vertebrates. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. Available here

Carrizo, S.F., Smith, K. G. and Darwall, W.R.T. 2013. Progress towards a global assessment of the status of freshwater fishes (Pisces) for the IUCN Red List: application to conservation programmes in zoos and aquariums. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 46–64. Available here

Collen, B., McRae, L., KothariI, G., Mellor, R., Daniel, O., Greenwood, A., Amin, R., Holbrook, S. and Baillie, J. 2008. Living Planet Index. 2010 and beyond: rising to the biodiversity challenge. Gland, Switzerland: WWF. Available here

Dextrase, A.J. and Mandrak, N.E. 2006. Impact of alien invasive species on freshwater fauna at risk in Canada. Biological Invasions 8(1): 13–24. Available here

Harrison, I.J. and Stiassny, M.L.J. 1999. The quiet crisis: a preliminary listing of freshwater fishes of the world that are either extinct or  "missing in action". In Extinctions in near time: causes, contexts, and consequences: 271‚Äì 331. MacPhee, R. D. E. (Ed.). New York, NY, and London: Plenum Press.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and human well-being: biodiversity synthesis. Wetlands and water. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute. Available here

Nogueira, C., Buckup P.A., Menezes N.A., Oyakawa O.T., Kasecker T.P., Neto, M.B.R and da Silva, J.M.C.  2010. Restricted-Range Fishes and the Conservation of Brazilian Freshwaters. PLoS ONE 5(6): e11390. Available here

Olden, J.D., Hogan, Z.S. and Vander Zanden, M.J. 2007. Small fish, big fish, red fish, blue fish: size-biased extinction risk of the world"s freshwater and marine fishes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16(6): 694–701. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Rodrigues, A.S.L., Pilgrim, J.D., Lamoreux, J.F.,Hoffmann, M. and Brooks, T.M. 2006. The value of the IUCN Red List for conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21(2): 71–76. Available here

WWF. 2012. Living Planet Report 2012. Biodiversity, biocapacity and better choices. Gland, Switzerland: WWF International. Available here

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Threat categorization

Evolution Lost

Evolution Lost: Status and Trends of the World"s Vertebrates. Published in 2010.

Baillie, J.E.M., Griffiths, J., Turvey, S.T., Loh, J. and Collen, B. 2010. Evolution Lost: Status and Trends of the World"s Vertebrates. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. Available here

Helfman, G. 2007. Fish conservation. A guide to understanding and restoring global fish biodiversity and fishery resources. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Reid, G. McG. 1990. Threatened fishes of Barombi Mbo: a crater lake in Cameroon. Journal of Fish Biology 37: 209–211. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

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Overfishing

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Catfish on sale at a market in Lao PDR © FISH-BIO

Cooke, S.J. and Cowx, I.G. 2004. The role of recreational fishing in global fish crises. BioScience 54(9): 857–859. Available here

Cooke, S.J., Murchie, K.J. and Danylchuck, A.J. 2011. Sustainable  "seafood" ecolabelling and awareness initiatives in the context of inland fisheries: increasing food security and protecting ecosystems. BioScience 61(11): 911‚Äì918. Available here

FAO 2012. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2012. Rome: UN Food and Agriculture Organisation. Available here

Hart, P.B., Reynolds, J.D. and Cowx, I.G. 2008. Recreational fishing. In Handbook of fish biology and fisheries. 2. Fisheries: 367–385. Hart, P. B. and Reynolds, J. D. (Eds). London: Wiley-Blackwell. Available here

Hyatt, K.D., McQueen, D.J., Shortreed, K.S. and Rankin, D.P. 2004. Sockeye salmon (Onchorhynchus nerka) nursery lake fertilization: review and summary of results. Environmental Reviews 12(3): 133–162. Available here

Koldewey, H., Atkinson, J. and Debney, A. 2009. Threatened species on the menu? Towards sustainable seafood use in zoos and aquariums. International Zoo Yearbook 43(1): 71–81. Available here

Post, J. 2011. Recreational fisheries: resilient fisheries or prone to collapse? In 6th world recreational fishing conference: toward resilient recreational fisheries: book of abstracts: 179. Berlin: Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries for the World Recreational Fishing Conference. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

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Introduced species

©

African catfish, Clarias gariepinus, an invasive species in the Western Ghats, India. Photo: K. Sivakumar

Canonico, G.C., Arthington, A., McCrary, J.K. and Thieme, M. 2005. The effects of introduced tilapias on native biodiversity. Aquatic Conservation 15(5): 463–483. Available here

Chapman, L.J., Chapman C.A., Kaufman, L., Witte, F. and Balirwa, J. 2008. Biodiversity conservation in African inland waters: Lessons of the Lake Victoria region. International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology 30(1): 16-34. Available here

Dextrase, A.J. and Mandrak, N.E. 2006. Impact of alien invasive species on freshwater fauna at risk in Canada. Biological Invasions 8(1): 13–24. Available here

Gherardi, F., Gollasch, S., Minchin, D., Olenin, S. and Panov, V.E. 2009. Alien invertebrates and fish in European inland waters. In Handbook of alien species in Europe. Invading nature: Springer series in invasion ecology 3: 81–92. Jake, J. A. (Ed.). Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer Science + Business Media.

Goudswaard, K.P.C., Witte, F. and Katunzi, E.F.B. 2008. The invasion of an introduced predator, Nile perch (Lates niloticus, L.) in Lake Victoria (East Africa): chronology and causes.  Environmental Biology of Fishes 81(2): 127‚Äì139. Available here

Hewitt, C.L., Campbell, M.L. and Gollasch, S. 2006. Alien species in aquaculture: considerations for responsible use. Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. Available here

Jawad, L.A., Al-Faisal, A. and Al-Mukhtar, M. 2012. Presence of the Non-Indigenous Fish Species, Gibel Carp, Carassius gibelio (Family: Cyprinidae) in Basrah Province Freshwater Systems, Iraq. Water Research and Management 2(4): 41-44. Available here

Maceda-Veiga, A., Escribano-Alacid, J., de Sostoa, A. and Garcıá-Berthou, E. 2013. The aquarium trade as a potential source of fish introductions in southwestern Europe. Biological Invasions Available here

Marr, S.M., Impson, N.D. and Tweddle, D. 2012. An assessment of a proposal to eradicate non-native fish from priority rivers in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. African Journal of Aquatic Science 37(2): 131-142. Available here

McDowall, R.M. 2006. Crying wolf, crying foul, or crying shame: alien salmonids and a biodiversity crisis in the southern cool-temperate galaxioid fishes? Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 16(3-4): 233–422. Available here

Minckley, W.L., Marsh, P.C., Deacon, J.E., Dowling, T.E., Hedrick, P.W., Mathews, W.J. and Mueller, G. 2003. A conservation plan for native fishes of the Lower Colorado River. BioScience 53(3): 219–234. Available here

Morrison, B.P. 2012. An annotated bibliography on the impacts of fish hatchery supplementation and enhancement on wild populations. Port Hope, ON: Ganaraska Region Conservation Authority. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Spinney, L. 2010. Evolution: Dreampond revisited. Nature 466: 174–175. Available here

Townsend, C.R. 2003. Individual, population, community, and ecosystem consequences of a fish invader in New Zealand streams. Conservation Biology 17(1): 38–47. Available here

Vitule , J.R.S., Freire, C.A. and Simberloff, D. 2009. Introduction of non-native freshwater fish can certainly be bad. Fish and Fisheries 10(1): 98–108. Available here

Witte, F., Msuku, B.S., Wanink, J.H., Seehausen, O., Katunzi, E.F., Goudswaard, P.C. and Goldschmidt, T. 2000. Recovery of cichlid species in Lake Victoria: an examination of factors leading to differential extinction. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 10: 233–241. Available here

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Genetic modification

Picture1

G8 super tilapia bioengineered to survive in practically any aquatic environment

Canonico, G.C., Arthington, A., McCrary, J.K. and Thieme, M. 2005. The effects of introduced tilapias on native biodiversity. Aquatic Conservation 15(5): 463–483. Available here

Dom√≠nguez-Dom√≠nguez O., Boto L., Alda F., P√©rez-Ponce de Le√≥n, G. and Doadrio, I. 2007. Human impacts on drainages of the Mesa Central of Mexico, and its genetic effects on an endangered fish, Zoogoneticus quitzeoensis. Conservation Biology 21(1): 168-180.  Available here

Hayes, K.R., Kapuscinski, A.R., Dana, G., Li, S. and Devlin, R.H. 2007. Introduction to environmental risk assessment for transgenic fish. In Environmental risk assessment of genetically modified organisms: methodologies for transgenic fish 3: 1–304. Kapuscinski, A. R., Hayes, K. R., Li, S. & Dana, G. (Eds). Wallingford: CAB International.

Morrison, B.P. 2012. An annotated bibliography on the impacts of fish hatchery supplementation and enhancement on wild populations. Port Hope, ON: Ganaraska Region Conservation Authority. Available here

Recometa-Velasco, R. and Ponzoni, R.W. 2010. Development of the genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT).Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

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Habitat depletion or loss

©

Water abstraction in Iran (2007), when the spring was abundant with Farsi tooth-carp, Aphanius farsicus. In 2008, all the water had been drained and the spring dried out. Photo: Jörg Freyhof

IWM. 2007. Water for food, water for life: a comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture. London: Earthscan and Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Research Institute. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Wetlands International. 2010. Biodiversity loss and the global water crisis. A fact book on the links between biodiversity and water security. Wageningen: Wetlands International. Available here

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Dam obstruction and similar habitat modification

A chain of large dams have blocked migratory fish movements in basins such as the Parana, affecting fish biodiversity patterns and fisheries sustainability © Claudio Baigún

A chain of large dams have blocked migratory fish movements in basins such as the Parana, affecting fish biodiversity patterns and fisheries sustainability Photo: Claudio Baig√∫n

Albert, J., Carvalho, T., Chuctaya, J., Petry, P., Reis, R., Rengifo, B. and Ortega, H. 2012. Fishes of the Fitzcarrald, Peruvian Amazon. Raleigh, NC: Lulu Press Inc.

Finer, M. and Jenkins, C.N. 2012. Proliferation of hydroelectric dams in the Andean Amazon and implications for Andes–Amazon connectivity. PLoS ONE 7(4): e35126. Available here

Harden, B. 1997. A river lost: the life and death of the Columbia. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co.

Kareiva, P.M. 2012. Dam choices: analyses for multiple needs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(15): 5553–5554. Available here

Liermann, C.R., Nilsson, C., Robertson, J. and Ng, R.Y. 2012. Implications of dam obstruction for global freshwater fish biodiversity. BioScience 62(6): 539–548. Available here

Lintermans, M. 2012. Managing potential impacts of reservoir enlargement on threatened Macquaria australasica and Gadopsis bispinosus in southeastern Australia. Endangered Species Research 16: 1–16. Available here

Neiland, A.E., Goddard, J.P. and Reid, G.McG. 1990. The impact of damming, drought and over-exploitation on the conservation of marketable fish stocks of the River Benue, Nigeria. Journal of Fish Biology 37: 203–205. Available here

Qui, J. 2012. Trouble on the Yangtze. Upriver habitats – including a critical refuge created when construction began on the Three Gorges Dam – are now at risk from a series of new projects. Science 336(6079): 288–291. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

WWF. 2004. Rivers at risk: dams and the future of freshwater ecosystems. Godalming, Surrey: DamRight! WWF Dams Inititative. Available here

Ziv, G., Baran, E., Nam, S., Rodríguez-Iturbe, I. and Levin, S.A. 2012. Trading-off fish biodiversity, food security, and hydropower in the Mekong River Basin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(15): 5609–5614. Available here

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Water pollution

Domestic pollution ©

Domestic pollution from a water treatment plant into the Garoone River, France 2010. Photo: CONAPPED (French National Committee for Inland  Professional Fishers)

Brian, J.V., Harris, C.A., Scholze, M., Backhaus, T., Booy, P., Lamoree, M., Pojana, G., Jonkers, N., Runnalls, T., Bonfä, A., Marcomini, A. and Sumpter, J. 2005. Accurate prediction of the response of freshwater fish to a mixture of estrogenic chemicals. Environmental Health Perspectives 113(6): 721–728. Available here

Mason, C. 2002. Biology of freshwater pollution (4th edn). Harlow, Essex: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Warfvinge, P. and Bertills, U. (Eds) 2000. Recovery from acidification in the natural environment: present knowledge and future scenarios. Stockholm: Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Available here

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Global climate change

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Rivers are at risk of drying up due to climate change © FISH-BIO

Barnosky, A.D., Hadly, E.A., Bascompte, J., Berlow, E. L., Brown, J. H., Fortelius, M., Getz, W.M., Harte, J.,  Hastings, A., Marquet, P.A., Martinez, N.D., Mooers, A., Roopanarine, P., Vermeij, G., Williams, J.W., Gillespie, R., Kitzes, J., Marshall, C., Matzke, N., Mindell, D.P, Rivella, E. and Smith, A. B. 2012. Approaching a state shift in Earth"s biosphere. Nature 486: 52‚Äì58. Available here

Courtland, R. 2008. Enough water to go round? Nature. Available here

Döll, P. and Zhang, J. 2010. Impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems: a global-scale analysis of ecologically relevant river flow alterations. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions 7: 1305–1342. Available here

Dukhovny, V. and Sokolov, V. 2003. Lessons on cooperation building to manage water conflicts in the Aral Sea basin: PCCP Series No. 11. Paris: UNESCO. Available here

Kone, B. 2012. The water crisis in the inner Niger delta. Mali: Wetlands International. Available here

Pearce-Kelly, P., Khela, S., Ferri, C. and Field, D. 2013. Climate-change impact considerations for freshwater-fish conservation, with special reference to the aquarium and zoo community. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 81–92. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

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Practical implementation

Omar Dominguez 2

Fish Ark, University of Morelia, Mexico (established in 1998). Dedicated to saving Mexico’s unique freshwater fishes. Fish Ark is a series of small centres keeping and breeding endemic species. Photo: Omar Dominguez

Dickie, L. 2009. The sustainable zoo: an introduction. International Zoo Yearbook 43 (1): 1–5. Available here

Garrow, C. and Marr, S. 2012. Swimming on the edge of extinction. The perilous state of the indigenous freshwater fishes of the Western Cape. Grahamstown, South Africa: NISC (Pty) Ltd.

Hoffmann, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., et al. 2010. The impact of conservation on the status of the world"s vertebrates. Science 330(6010): 1503–1509. Available here

Koldewey, H., Atkinson, J. and Debney, A. 2009. Threatened species on the menu? Towards sustainable seafood use in zoos and aquariums. International Zoo Yearbook 43(1): 71–81. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

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Policy and strategy

P110013122

Turning the tide: a global aquarium strategy for conservation and sustainability. Published in 2009

Norse, A. E. (Ed.) 1993. Global marine biological diversity: a strategy for building conservation into decision making. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Penning, M., Reid, G. McG., Koldewey, H., Dick, G., Andrews, B., Arai, K., Garrat, P., Gendron, S., Lange, J., Tanner, K., Tonge, S., Van Den Sande, P., Warmolts, D. and Gibson, C. (eds) 2009. Turning the tide: a global aquarium strategy for conservation and sustainability. Bern, Switzerland: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

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Ethics, statutory protection and law enforcement

collectng tetras

Young ornamental fish collectors capture cardinal tetras in Brazil"s Rio Negro for Project Piaba (http://opefe.com/piaba.html). Photo: Gary Jones, Mars Fishcare.

Penning, M., Reid, G. McG., Koldewey, H., Dick, G., Andrews, B., Arai, K., Garrat, P., Gendron, S., Lange, J., Tanner, K., Tonge, S., Van Den Sande, P., Warmolts, D. and Gibson, C. (eds) 2009. Turning the tide: a global aquarium strategy for conservation and sustainability. Bern, Switzerland: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Available here

Raghavan, R., Dahanunkar, N., Krishnakumar, K., Ali, A., Solomon, S., Ramprasanth, M.R., Baby, F., Pereira, B., Tharian, J. and Philip, S. 2012. Western Ghats" fish fauna in peril: are pseudo conservationist attitudes to be blamed? Current Science 102(6): 835–837. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Silas, E. G., Gopalakrishnan, A., Ramachandran, A., Anna Mercy, T.V., Kripan Sarkar Pushpangadan, K.R., Anil Kumar, P., Ram Mohan, M.K. and Anikuttan, K.K. 2011. Guidelines for green certification of freshwater ornamental fish. Kochi, India: Marine Products Export Development Authority. Available here

Tlusty, M.F., Rhyne, A.L., Kaufman, L., Hutchins, M., Reid, G.McG., Andrews, C., Boyle, P., Hemdal, J., McGilvray, F. and Dowd, S. 2013. Opportunities for Public Aquariums to Increase the Sustainability of the Aquatic Animal Trade. Zoo Biology 32(1): 1-12. Available here

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Ex situ livestock management, breeding and genome resource banking

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Aquarium at Chester Zoo, UK (2013). Photo: Suzanne Turnock

Clarke, A. G. 2009. The Frozen Ark Project: the role of zoos and aquariums in preserving the genetic material of threatened animals. International Zoo Yearbook 43(1): 222–230. Available here

Grist, C. 2010. Viviparous fish programs at Chester Zoo. In Viviparous fishes II: 423–429. Uribe, M. C. & Grier, H. J. (eds). Mexico: New Life Publications/New Life Exotic Fish Inc.

Hemdal, J. and McMullin, E. 2013. Husbandry of Lake Victoria cichlid, the Pitch-black fulu Haplochromis piceatus, in public aquariums: a 20 year retrospective. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 112-119. Available here

Horváth, L., Székely, C., Boczonádi, Z., Bercsényi, M., Urbányi, B. and Müller, T. 2011. Induced oogenesis of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) in freshwater conditions. Acta Biologica Hungarica 62(4): 485–488. Available here

Koldewey, H., Cliffe, A. and Zimmerman, B. 2013. Breeding programme priorities and management techniques for native and exotic freshwater fishes in Europe. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 93–101. Available here

Lees, C. and Wilcken, J. 2009. Sustaining the Ark: the challenges faced by zoos in maintaining viable populations. International Zoo Yearbook 43(1): 6–18. Available here

Lermen, D., Blömeke, B., Browne, R., Clarke, A., Dyce, P.W., Fixemer, T., Fuhr, G.R., Holt, W.V., Jegenow, K., Lloyd, R., Lötters, S., Paulus, M., Reid, G. McG., Rapoport, D.H., Rawson, D., Ringleb, J., Ryder, O., Spörl, G., Schmitt, T., Veith, M. and Müller, P. 2009. Cryobanking of viable biomaterials: implementation of new strategies for conservation purposes. Molecular Ecology 18(6): 1030–1033. Available here

Maitland, P.S. and Lyle, A.A. 2013. Ex situ and in situ approaches, including assisted reproduction, for the conservation of native species of charr (Salmonidae) and whitefish (Coregonidae) in Scotland. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 129–139. Available here

Martin, A.P., Echelle, A.A., Zegers, G., Baker, S. and Keeler-Foster, C.L. 2012. Dramatic shifts in the gene pool of a managed population of an endangered species may be exacerbated by high genetic load. Conservation Genetics 13(2): 349–358. Available here

Müller, T., Urbányi, B., Váradi, B., Binder, T., Horn, P., Bercsényi, M. and Horváth, Á. 2004. Cryopreservation of sperm of farmed European eel Anguilla anguilla. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 35(2): 225–231. Available here

O"Brien, Q. and Cooper, D. 2013. Conservation breeding of shortfin eels Anguilla australis and giant kokopu Galaxias argenteus at Mahurangi Technical Institute using aquarium and aquaculture techniques. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 120–128. Available here

Penning, M., Reid, G. McG., Koldewey, H., Dick, G., Andrews, B., Arai, K., Garrat, P., Gendron, S., Lange, J., Tanner, K., Tonge, S., Van Den Sande, P., Warmolts, D. and Gibson, C. (eds) 2009. Turning the tide: a global aquarium strategy for conservation and sustainability. Bern, Switzerland: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Available here

Price, D.J. 2010. Genetic strategies for captive breeding of viviparous fishes for conservation and other purposes: practicalities and limitations. In Viviparous fishes II: 389–401. Uribe, M. C. & Grier, H. J. (eds). Mexico: New Life Publications/New Life Exotic Fish Inc.

Rawson, D.M., Reid, G. McG. and Lloyd, E. 2011. Conservation rationale, research applications and techniques in the cryopreservation of lower vertebrate biodiversity from marine and freshwater environments. International Zoo Yearbook 45(1): 108–123. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 1990. Captive breeding for the conservation of cichlid fishes. Journal of Fish Biology 37: 157–166. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., MacDonald, A.A., Fidgett, A.L., Hiddinga, B. and LEUS, K. (Eds) 2008. Developing the research potential of zoos and aquaria. The EAZA research strategy. Amsterdam: EAZA Executive Office. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Yang, H., Walter, R.B. and Tiersch, T.R. 2010. Current status of sperm cryopreservation in Xiphophorus. In Viviparous fishes II: 403–413. Uribe, M. C. & Grier, H. J. (Eds). Mexico: New Life Publications/New Life Exotic Fish Inc.

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In situ conservation management, threat mitigation, reintroductions and habitat restoration

Media interest in Giant Kokopu , Galaxias argenteus, release in the Nukumea Stream Auckland NZ . MTI director Paul Decker

Media interest in giant kokopu, Galaxias argenteus, release in the Nukumea Stream, Auckland, New Zealand. Photo: Mahurangi Technical Institute

Chao, N.L., Petry, P., Prang, G., Sonneschien, L. and Tlusty, M. (eds) 2001. Conservation and management of ornamental fish resources of the Rio Negro basin, Amazonia, Brazil – Project Piaba. Manaus: Editora da Universidade do Amazonas. Available here

Domínguez-Domínguez O., Martínez-Meye E., Zambrano, L. and Pérez-Ponce de León, G. 2006. Using ecological-niche modeling as a conservation tool for freshwater species: the live-bearing fishes (Goodeidae) in Central Mexico. Conservation Biology 20(6): 1730-1739. Available here

Koehn, J.D. and Lintermans, M. 2012. A strategy to rehabilitate fishes of the Murray-Darling basin, south-eastern Australia. Endangered Species Research 16: 165–181. Available here

Kumar, R. and Devi, K.R. 2013. Conservation of the freshwater habitats and fishes in the Western Ghats of India. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 71–80. Available here

Langhammer, P.F., Bakarr, M.I., Bennun, L.A., Brooks, T.M., Clay, R.P., Darwall, W., de Silva, N., Edgar, G.J., Eken, G., Fishpool, L.D.C., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Foster, M.N., Knox, D.H., Matiku, P., Radford, E.A., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Salaman, P., Sechrest, W. and Tordoff, A.W. 2007. Identification and gap analysis of key biodiversity areas: targets for comprehensive protected area systems. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Available here

Maitland, P.S. and Lyle, A.A. 2013. Ex situ and in situ approaches, including assisted reproduction, for the conservation of native species of charr (Salmonidae) and whitefish (Coregonidae) in Scotland. International Zoo Yearbook 47(1): 129–139. Available here

Pinder, A.C. and Raghavan, R. 2013. Conserving the endangered Mahseers (Tor spp.) of India: the positive role of recreational fisheries. Current Science 104(11): 1472-1475. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 1990. Captive breeding for the conservation of cichlid fishes. Journal of Fish Biology 37: 157–166. Available here

Reid, G. McG. 2013. Introduction to Freshwater Fishes and Their Conservation. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 1-5. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

Smith, A.L. 2009. Lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) stocking in North America. Peterborough, ON: Fish & Wildlife Branch, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Available here

Stone, R. 2008. From remarkable rescue to restoration of lost habitat: Southwest China"s alpine lakes have lost many of their native species. Researchers may have found a way to reboot the ecosystem. Science 322: 184. Available here

Tlusty, M.F., Rhyne, A.L., Kaufman, L., Hutchins, M., Reid, G.McG., Andrews, C., Boyle, P., Hemdal, J., McGilvray, F. and Dowd, S. 2013. Opportunities for Public Aquariums to Increase the Sustainability of the Aquatic Animal Trade. Zoo Biology 32(1): 1-12. Available here

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Communication, education training and capacity building

 'Fish Diversity and Conservation' yesterday in the Senate Hall of Manipur University, the 16th August in the Inspire Camp sponsored by the Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of India.

‘Fish Diversity and Conservation’ lecture delivered by Waikhom Vishwanath (FFSG Regional Co-Chair for South Asia) for the ‘Inspire Camp’ at Manipur University. Inspire Camp was sponsored by the Department of Science and Technology, Goverment of India.

Baillie, J.E.M. and Butcher, E.R. 2012. Priceless or Worthless? The world"s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom. Available here

Reid, G. McG., Contreras MacBeath, T. and Csatadi, K. 2013. Global challenges in freshwater fish conservation related to public aquariums and the aquarium industry. International Zoo Yearbook 47 (1): 6-45. Available here

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